Project Management Types

There are several types of project management methodologies, each with its own unique approach and set of principles. According to an article on Harvard Business Review, there are four types of project managers:

1. The Prophet: This type of project manager actively pursues business opportunities that lie outside the existing strategic framework.
2. The Gambler: This type of project manager actively pursues business opportunities that lie within the existing strategic framework.
3. The Expert: This type of project manager actively pursues business opportunities that lie outside the existing strategic framework but has a deep understanding of the industry and market.
4. The Executor: This type of project manager is focused on delivering results and is skilled at managing teams and resources.

Another article on Coursera provides a comprehensive overview of different types of project management approaches and methodologies. The article explains that project management methodology, industry, and personal strengths can shape your work as a project manager. Project management has many faces, and can vary greatly depending on the approach, methodology, industry, or project manager themselves. That means your day-to-day work as a project manager in construction using a Waterfall approach will look very different from an IT project manager’s who uses Scrum to rally their team. Here¬ís a look at the many different types of project management:

1. Waterfall: A traditional approach where projects are completed one stage at a time and in sequential order.
2. Agile: An approach built on small, incremental steps designed to pivot and incorporate changes smoothly.
3. Lean: A style with roots in the manufacturing industry that aims to cut down on waste and increase efficiency.
4. Scrum: A framework for managing complex projects that emphasizes teamwork, accountability, and iterative progress toward well-defined goals.
5. Kanban: A visual system for managing work as it moves through a process.
6. Six Sigma: A data-driven approach to eliminating defects and improving quality in processes ranging from manufacturing to transactional and from product to service.
7. Critical Path Method (CPM): A technique used to complete projects on time by focusing on key tasks.

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